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Senin, 07 November 2011

Rounded Corners with CSS and One Image

Well like most web design fads it’s a more dynamic and appealing way to server your site’s content up to the user.

Are rounded corners necessary?

Absolutely not, but hey back in the
beginning of web development neither was a lot of things such as background colors HAHA.

Is this the only way to make rounded corners?

No and I doubt its even the best way, it’s just my technique I like to use. You can find hundreds of other rounded corner tutorials out on the net.
(Note: In time this technique will be obsolete due to CSS3 and the ability to create rounded corners with purely CSS. You can use CSS3 techniques today, but unfortunately a few well used (but not so much liked) browsers do not support CSS3 yet.)
Let’s start off with our blank document.
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<title>Rounded Corners Tutorial</title>
</head>

<body>
</body>
</html>
Now let’s create our html structure of our content box and its four corners. I’m going to use a combination of a div box and an un-ordered list because its easier to maintain in an actual html document..
Place the following inside your body tags.
<div class="cell">
    <ul>
        <li class="tl corner"></li>
        <li class="tr corner"></li>

         <li class="bl corner"></li>
         <li class="br corner"></li>
      </ul>
</div>
Now let’s create a few CSS classes for our content cell and its four corners. We use classes because the potential of us having multiple boxes with rounded corners is high.
In our documents header tags add the following.
<style type="text/css">
.cell{}

.cell ul{}

.cell li{}
</style>
We now have three classes in our styles (.cell, .cell ul and .cell li). Let’s break down each rule so we can get a good idea of whats going to happen with these classes down the line.
.cell {} is the class for our main div box container that will hold not only our content, but also our four corners.
.cell ul {} is using our first class, to then point to any un-ordered lists we have nested inside “.cell“.
.cell li {} is like the “.cell ul” in the manor that it too uses “.cell” to point to any un-ordered lists we have nested. However, “.cell li” is specifically pointing to all list items within an un-ordered list that resides in our “.cell” div box.
Let’s now start adding styles to our classes by making your CSS look like the following:
.cell{
position:relative;
padding:21px;
background-color:#f8c771;
float:left;
display:inline;
}

.cell ul{
margin:0px;
padding:0px;
}

.cell li{
list-style:none;
}
In our “.cell” class you can see that we have created a background-color, and a padding of 21px. I use a padding of 21px because in this tutorial we are going to create some fat rounded corners that are 20px in radius so we use 21px to give us extra 5px padding from our boxes edges and corners. We also use the odd number 21 instead of 20 because some versions of IE mess up upon to great of a font size change resulting in a 1px border on some corners.
We have a background-color property here that is set to my desired color. You may change this background color to whatever you like.
I have also placed a position:relative; property in our “.cell” class cause we are going to be using a position of absolute for our four corners.
Finlay we have a float:left; and display: inline;. (For IE users that don’t set a desired width this is important because with our floating our “.cell” get messed up in versions of IE5 and IE6. As a good practice always include display of inline when floating an element.)
.cell ul” has set it’s margin / padding set to 0px in order to remove any default browser behavior of spacing. The “.cell li“ has list-style:none;, and it also remove any default browser behavior (list item bullet points).
Next we are going to create classes for our four corners by adding the following to our CSS.
.tl{}

.tr{}

.bl{}

.br{}
These classes stand for top left(.tl), top right(.tr), bottom left(.bl) and bottom right(.br). Because we are going to be positioning each of these as relatively absolute to our “.cell” div box, we need to specify their positions.
Add the following property’s to each of these classes.
.tl
{top:0px; left:0px; background:url(images/corners.jpg) top left no-repeat;}

.tr
{top:0px; right:0px; background:url(images/corners.jpg) top right no-repeat;}

.bl
{bottom:0px; left:0px; background:url(images/corners.jpg) bottom left no-repeat;}

.br
{bottom:0px; right:0px; background:url(images/corners.jpg) bottom right no-repeat;}
Ok here you can see we have a top and either left or right property for the top corners. For the bottom corners we use a bottom and either a left or right property and again, all these are doing is positioning our corners inside our content box.
Now you might have noticed, we are also using a background property for each of these corners. The background property is calling an image I created in Photoshop that we are positioning to the inside of our four corners.
Because this is not a Photoshop tutorial, I will just show you the image we are using so you may get a clear idea as to why I have positioned the image.
Here is the image that makes our rounded corners.
corners
HEY THAT’S NOT A CORNER!
Indeed, it’s not, but to save time and memory it’s wise to make a single image that is a circle and is twice, let me repeat that, “TWICE” the size of our desired corners.
In this tutorial our corner radius is 20px, we therefore make our circle image 40px wide and 40px tall.
Ok remember how I told you we are going to position our corners to be absolute within our container div box? We need to make one more CSS class that will make each of our corners position absolute.
Add the following rule and property’s to your CSS.
.corner
{width:20px; height:20px; position:absolute; z-index:1;}
With this class we are setting each of our corners to have both a width and height of 20px, position to be absolute and have a z-index of 1. Z-index is a way to tell the browser to make our corners priority number one when it comes to a rendering hierarchy. So with z-index:1; our rendering hierarchy will go corners->content->container box.
Let’s take a look at our results.
fig1
Hmm looks like a long tube of some sorts. Let’s add some dummy content to it in order to see if our box is stretchy and won’t break if we increase our browsers font size.
Make your HTML look like the following.
<div class="cell">
    <ul>
        <li class="tl corner"></li>
        <li class="tr corner"></li>
        <li>
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  </li>
        <li class="bl corner"></li>
        <li class="br corner"></li>
    </ul>
</div>
All content needs to go in between our top corners and our bottom corners and be wrapped in its own list item tag (<li> </li>) in order for it to work correctly with Microsoft IE.
Here is our final results (Click image to see demo).
fig2
Awesome couldn’t ask for more!!

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